Methodology

 

Introduction

Summary of sectors

Detailed methodology and sources

 

Introduction

The inventory is presented according to the Global Covenant of Mayors’ Common Reporting Framework

The key guidance used to calculate the emissions inventory is The GPC Protocol for Cities. The GPC report is based on the Accounting and Reporting Standard developed by the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories.

Inventory scopes

Activities taking place within a city can generate GHG emissions that occur inside the city boundary as well as outside the city boundary. To distinguish among them, emissions are commonly grouped into three categories based on where they occur:

  • Scope 1 (Direct emissions)
    • GHG emissions from sources located within the city boundary
  • Scope 2 (Indirect emissions)
    • GHG emissions occurring as a consequence of the use of grid-supplied electricity, heat, steam and/or cooling within the city boundary
  • Scope 3
    • All other GHG emissions that occur outside the city boundary as a result of activities taking place within the city boundary

 

Summary of sectors

The inventory is made up of six key sectors:

Stationary

Greenhouse gas emissions are generated in this sector through the combustion of fuel in buildings, manufacturing industries, construction processes and power plants. This includes fugitive emissions.

n.b - Fugitive emissions refer to emissions lost due to leakages that occur when extracting, processing and transporting fossil fuels.

 

Transportation

This sector produces greenhouse gas emissions through the combustion of fuel or use of electricity during journeys travelled by road, rail, air or water for inter-city and international travel.

 

Waste

Disposal and treatment of solid waste and wastewater produces greenhouse gas emissions through incineration, aerobic and anaerobic decomposition.  

 

Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)

Industrial processes used to physically or chemically transform materials produce greenhouse gas emissions. Also, industries use products that release greenhouse gas emissions throughout its use.

 

Agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU)

The AFOLU sector produces greenhouse gas emissions through methane created by livestock, nutrient management for agricultural purposes, and land use change altering soil compositions.

 

Detailed methodology and sources

    The methodology and key data sources are described in more detail below.

     

    Stationary energy


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    This sector includes the following sub-sectors:

    • Residential buildings
    • Commercial building and facilities
    • Institutional buildings and facilities
    • Industrial buildings and facilities
    • Agriculture
    • Fugitive emissions

    Residential, Commercial, Institutional and Industrial fuel consumption - Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) data is used to derive fuel consumption by end use, across the different sectors. This is used to allocate fuel consumption by local authority, from BEIS subnational energy consumption, to end use.

    Agricultural fuel consumption - Agricultural final energy consumption by fuel use from ECUK and BEIS residual fuel use from off-road transportation in the agriculture sector were apportioned to local authorities based on the internal total farmed area (hectares), and the original data units (Ktoe) were converted to kWh.

    Fugitive emissions - Category 1B from the UK Devolved Administration GHG Inventory 1990-2016, representing fugitive fuel emissions from energy supply is applied to Local Authorities according to their population.

     

    Category

    Subcategory

    Reference

    Methodology

    Stationary energy

    Residential, Commercial, Institutional and Industrial fuel consumption

    RETAIL MARKET MONITORING Annual Transparency Report For calendar year 2017; Northern Ireland Utility Regulator (2017)

    Northern Ireland gas and electricity consumption data has been apportioned to local authorities based on total industrial and domestic fuel consumption in other fuel types as published by BEIS

      

    Table 3.02: Domestic energy consumption by end use and fuel 1990 to 2017; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2018 Data Tables (2017)

    External links removed, columns added for units, type, and year. Type tag as "domestic".

      

    Table 4.04 Industrial final energy consumption by end use (different processes); Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2018 Data Tables (2017)

    External links removed, columns added for units, type, and year. Type tag as "industrial".

      

    Table 5.05a: Final energy consumption in the service sector, by sector and sub-sector, end use and energy source 2017; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2018 Data Tables (2017)

    External links removed, columns added for units, type, and year. Type defined as "institutional" or "commercial". "Institutional" service areas: Law courts; Police stations; Prisons; Health Centres; Hospitals; Nursing Homes; Military civilian accommodation; Military offices; Military storage.

      

    Total final energy consumption at regional and local authority level; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Sub-national total final energy consumption data (2016)

    Mapped against full Local Authority list to apply final LA code; combined areas (e.g. England, Outer London) removed from dataset.

     

    Agriculture

    residual_fuels_2005 - 16 (1); Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Sub-national residual fuel consumption data, Residual fuel consumption at regional and local authority level. (2016)

    Original residual fuels file has been pasted, and existing LA codes have been mapped against the 2018 LA list to ensure they are correct. Aggregated totals are excluded.

      

    Agricultural small area statistics: 2002 to 2017; Welsh Government (2017)

    Original small area statistics have been pasted. Residual codes have been mapped to individual local authority codes with reference to the Wales_LA tab, as all local authorities were matched correctly no further action was required.

      

    Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2018 Data Tables; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (2017)

    ECUK data table - units added, year added, external references removed, type added

      

    Farm Census - LGD2014, 2013-2016; OpenData NI (2016)

    Existing LA codes have been mapped against the 2018 LA list to ensure they are correct. As all data matched correctly, no further actions were required.

      

    Number of holdings with crops and grass and area of crops and grass by regional grouping and region, June 2001 and 2016; Scottish Government, ERSA C4 (2016)

    Original agriculutral holding file has been pasted, and the number of local authorities in each sub-region has been listed (only sub-regional data available). Sub-regions have been mapped to individual local autorities, and sub-regional averages have been apportioned to each local authority depending on the amount of local authorities in each sub-region..

      

    Structure of the agricultural industry in England and the UK at June, English geographical breakdowns, local authority.; Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (2017)

    Original agriucultural structure file has been pasted, and existing LA codes have been mapped against the 2018 LA list to ensure they are correct.
    Aggregated data has been removed.

     

    Fugitive emissions

    Devolved Administration GHG Inventory 1990-2016

    Energy Supply / 1B selected

     

    Method notes:

    1. Domestic energy consumption totals from ECUK 3.02 by fuel are calculated for the different end uses into "space heating & hot water" and "lighting, appliances & cooking".
    2. Commercial, institutional & industrial energy consumption totals by fuel from ECUK 4.04 and 5.05a are calculated for the different end uses into "space heating & hot water" and "lighting, appliances & cooking".
    3. The share of end use per fuel type was used to divide the domestic fuel consumption data for Domestic and Industrial & Commercial (and “Total” for Bioenergy & Wastes”) into the end uses above. For example, 78% of domestic electricity consumption in ECUK 3.02 was for lighting, appliances and cooking, so we have assumed that for each Local Authority, the electricity consumption reported by BEIS is 78% for lighting, appliances and cooking.

     

    Domestic space heating and hot water

    Domestic lighting, appliances, and cooking

    Commercial & institutional space heating, cooling, and hot water

    Commercial & institutional lighting, appliances, equipment, and catering

    Space

    Lighting

    Heating

    Fans

    Water

    Appliances

    Hot Water

    Lighting

     

    Cooking

    Cooling & humidification

    Catering

     

     

    Cooled Storage

    Small Power

     

     

     

    ICT Equipment

     

     

     

    Other

     

    References:

    Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2018 Data Tables

    ECUK User Guide

    UK Informative Inventory Report (1990 to 2017);Ricardo Energy & Environment (Richmond B, Misra A, Broomfield M, Brown P, Karagianni E, Murrells T, Pang Y, Passant N, Pearson B, Stewart R, Thistlethwaite G, Wakeling D, Walker C, Wiltshire J)

     

    Transportation

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    This sector produces greenhouse gas emissions through the combustion of fuel or use of electricity during journeys travelled by road, rail, air or water for inter-city and international travel. This sector includes the following sub-sectors:

    • On-road
    • Rail
    • Waterborne navigation
    • Aviation
    • Off-road

    On-road and rail transport.

    • Consumption (GWh per Local Authority) is taken directly from the data for total final energy consumption at regional and local authority level published by BEIS. Fuel is assumed to be diesel, with a small amount of coal consumed by rail in some sectors. This is a top-down method – guidance on the pros and cons of transportation methodologies is described in table 7.3 of the GPC protocol guidelines.
    • It is not possible to separate electricity consumed by the railways and by electric vehicles from that consumed by other commercial and industrial activities in the BEIS dataset. It is not possible to report all rail and road emissions as a separate sub-sector within the transport sector. Instead emissions attributable to electricity consumption in the rail sector are included in the commercial and industrial sector, and only diesel emissions are shown as a separate sub-sector.

    Aviation

    • Data for aviation emissions was extracted from the UK Devolved Administration GHG Inventory 1990-2017 for Aviation Spirit and Aviation Turbine Fuel. This gave total emissions for landing and take-off (LTO) and Cruise phases of UK flights. A percentage of total aircraft movements for each UK airport was calculated from the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) 2017 dataset.
    • LTO was allocated to UK airports based on the percentage of aircraft movements. LTO tonnes of fuel were calculated from the total impacts using BEIS fuel emission factors. LTO impacts are reported as Scope 1 aviation.
    • Cruise impacts were allocated to LAs based on percentage of population, assuming that flying is uniformly distributed across the whole population. Cruise tonnes of fuel were calculated from the total impacts using BEIS fuel emission factors. Cruise impacts are reported as Scope 3 aviation.

    Category

    Subcategory

    Reference

    Methodology

    Transportation

    On-road

    RETAIL MARKET MONITORING Annual Transparency Report For calendar year 2017; Northern Ireland Utility Regulator (2017)

    Northern Ireland gas and electricity consumption data has been apportioned to local authorities based on total industrial and domestic fuel consumption in other fuel types as published by BEIS

      

    Total final energy consumption at regional and local authority level; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (2016)

    Mapped against full Local Authority list to apply final LA code; combined areas (e.g. England, Outer London) removed from dataset.

     

    Aviation

    Table 69  Carbon emissions by airport, baseline capacity, MtCO2; UK Aviation Forecasts 2017, Department for Transport (2016)

     

    Table_05_Air_Transport_Movements, Airport data 2017, Civil Aviation Authority

    Greenhouse Gas Inventories for England, Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland: 1990-2017, Categories 1A3a and Aviation Bunkers for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

    The airport names have been manually matched to individual local authority codes in the Civil Aviation Authority air transport movements dataset.
     

    Off-road

    Total final energy consumption at regional and local authority level; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Sub-national total final energy consumption data (2016)

    1% of total on-road fuel consumption apportioned to off-road

     

    Waste

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    Disposal and treatment of solid waste and wastewater produces greenhouse gas emissions through incineration, aerobic and anaerobic decomposition.  

    This sector includes the following sub-sectors:

    • Solid waste disposal
    • Biological treatment
    • Incineration and open burning
    • Wastewater

    Municipal waste: Commercial & industrial, business, and municipal waste statistics by local authority were combined from country-specific sources and online data portals, and where relevant combined and/or waste authority averages were applied to individual local authorities. These have been allocated to different streams (open-loop, closed-loop, landfill, composting, incineration). 

    Wastewater: M3 wastewater treated has been calculated for the national total wastewater based on emissions and emissions factors used for the UK Devolved Administration GHG Inventory 1990-2016. This has been applied to local authorities based on population.

    Category

    Subcategory

    Reference

    Methodology

    Waste

    Solid waste disposal

    Business waste data 2017; Scottish Environment Protection Agency. Business waste data. (2017)

    External links removed, column added for units and local authority codes from ONS list matched to local areas. The dataset has been checked for any local authority exclusions.

      

    Household waste summary data, 2017; Scottish Environment Protection Agency. Household waste data. (2017)

    External links removed, column added for units and local authority codes from ONS list matched to local areas. The dataset has been checked for any local authority exclusions.

      

    LAC Municipal Waste Data Tables Appendix: 2017-18; Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs. Northern Ireland local authority collected municpal waste management statistics 2017/18 annual report. (2017)

    External links removed, column added for units and local authority codes from ONS list matched to local areas. The dataset has been checked for any local authority exclusions.

      

    Local authority collected waste generation from April 2000 to March 2018 (England and regions) and local authority data April 2017 to March 2018; Department for Enviornment, Food & Rural Affairs. ENV18 - Local authority collected waste: annual results tables. (2017)

    External links removed, column added for units and local authority codes from ONS list matched to local areas. The dataset has been checked for any local authority exclusions, whereby, averages have been taken for local authorities in County Councils and Metropolitan Borough Councils.

      

    Rolling 12 month period of combined municipal reuse/recycling/composting rates by local authority, April 2017-March 2018; Rolling 12 month period of combined municipal reuse/recycling/composting rates by local authority, April 2017-March 2018 (2017)

    The individual data exports (i.e. waste tonnages by variable) from the Stats Wales online data tool were compiled into a master local authority waste dataset. External links removed column added for units and local authority codes from ONS list matched to local areas. The dataset has been checked for an lcoal authority exclusions.

      

    Waste From All Sources Application - Waste management (tonnes), Mangement subcategory; Scotland's Environment. Scotland's Environment Waste Discover Data tool. (2017)

    External links removed, column added for units and local authority codes from ONS list matched to local areas. The dataset has been checked for any local authority exclusions.

     

    Wastewater

    Devolved Administration GHG Inventory 1990-2016

     

     

     

    UK Informative Inventory Report (1990 to 2017)

    NMVOC emissions from municipal wastewater treatment (WWT) plants are estimated using the Tier 1 method given in the 2016 EMEP/EEA Guidebook. The approach uses the default emission factor (15 mg NMVOC/m3 wastewater handled) and activity data estimates based on a time series of waste water generated from residential properties for treatment from the UK water companies.

     

    Method notes:

    Waste streams

    Waste Type

    Conversion Factors 2018, Description

    Re-use

    Materials that are re-used instead of disposed of by recycling or landfill.

    Open-loop

    Open-loop recycling is the process of recycling material into other products.

    Closed-loop

    Closed-loop recycling is the process of recycling material back into the same product.

    Combustion

    Energy is recovered from the waste through incineration and subsequent generation of electricity.

    Composting

    CO2e emitted as a result of composting a waste stream.

    Landfill

    n/a

    Anaerobic Digestion

    n/a

     

    Waste in England - variables:

    • Landfilled (tonnes)
    • Incineration with Energy from Waste (tonnes)
    • Incineration without Energy from Waste (tonnes)
    • Recycled/ Composted (tonnes)
    • Other (tonnes)
    • Input to Intermediate Plants (tonnes)

    The original dataset contained relevant waste data for the majority of individual local authorities, however, only combined data was available for county councils (CC) and metropolitan borough councils (MBC). As a result, CC and MBC names were ‘cleaned’ and where possible matched to relevant combined local areas (e.g. Greater Manchester) to be apportioned to missing local authority data. If no waste data was available for an individual local authority a CC/MBC average was applied, based on the number of local authorities within a CC/MBC. All local authorities were then manually checked for any final omissions, whereby a few combined local areas (e.g. Manchester, Merseyside and London) were manually adjusted to match the CC/MBC names.

    Waste in Wales - variables:

    • Waste Landfilled (tonnes)
    • Waste Incinerated with Energy Recovery (tonnes)
    • Waste Incinerated without Energy Recovery (tonnes)
    • Total Waste Reused/Recycled/Composted (tonnes)
    • Waste sent for other Recovery (tonnes)

    The individual data exports (i.e. waste tonnages by variable) from the Stats Wales online data tool were compiled into a master local authority waste dataset, and local authority areas were ‘cleaned’ in order to match them against the local authority areas listed in the Local Authority Districts (December 2018) Names and Codes in the United Kingdom from the Office of National Statistics (ONS). The respective local authority codes from the ONS local authority list was then matched to the local authority areas, whereby all were automatically matched correctly. The dataset was then checked for any omitted local authorities. As no exclusions were present, no further preprocessing measures were required.

    Waste in Northern Ireland – variables:

    • LAC municipal waste preparing for reuse
    • LAC municipal waste dry recycling
    • LAC municipal waste composting
    • LAC municipal waste energy recovery total
    • LAC municipal waste landfilled
    • LAC municipal waste unclassified

    Scotland Key Datasets Used:

    Local Authority Dataset Pre-Processing:

    Variables:

    • Disposed by Incineration (tonnes)
    • Landfilled (tonnes)
    • Non-organics recycled (tonnes)
    • Organics recycled (tonnes)
    • Recovered by co-incineration (tonnes)
    • Recovered by incineration (tonnes)

    The original waste data files are comprised of business waste, household waste and commercial and industrial (C&I) waste management datasets, as no dataset was publicly available for total waste tonnages by local authority and waste management stream. As a result, the household and business waste datasets were summed, and the proportion of total C&I waste from the Scotland’s Environment Waste Discover Data Tool disposed by management subcategories (i.e. incineration, landfilled, recycled etc.) was applied. The local authority areas were then ‘cleaned’ in order to match them against the local authority areas listed in the Local Authority Districts (December 2018) Names and Codes in the United Kingdom from the Office of National Statistics (ONS). As a result, local authority codes from the ONS local authority list were then returned from the matched local authority areas. If any non-matched areas were present, manual entry of the respective local authority codes for local authority areas in the original waste data was undertaken. The dataset was then checked for any omitted local authorities. As no exclusions were present, no further preprocessing steps were required.

    References:

    EMEP (2016) EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    Scottish Environment Protection Agency, 2016. Business waste data. Business waste data 2016. [Online] Available at: https://www.sepa.org.uk/environment/waste/waste-data/waste-data-reporting/business-waste-data/

    Scottish Environment Protection Agency, 2017. Household waste data. Household waste summary data, 2017. [Online] Available at: https://www.sepa.org.uk/environment/waste/waste-data/waste-data-reporting/household-waste-data

    Scotland’s Environment, 2017. Scotland’s Environment Waste Discover Data tool. Management subcategory: Waste management (tonnes). [Online] Available at: https://www.environment.gov.scot/data/data-analysis/waste-from-all-sources/

     

    Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)

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    This sector includes the following sub-sectors:

    • Industrial Process
    • Product Use

    Industrial process emissions:

    1. Fuel consumption share per LA Calculated as the industrial & commercial fuel consumption per fuel and per LA divided by the total fuel consumption, from DATA_Fuel. 
    2. Total DUKES industrial fuel & electricity apportioned to LA using the proportions calculated in step (1), per fuel type and per industrial area (as defined in DUKES 5.1 and DUKES 1.1 sheets, Iron and steel, Non-ferrous metals, Mineral products, Chemicals.
    3. Emissions calculated per LA according to EFs calculated in EFs_IP per kwh fuel consumption per industry type.

     

    Category

    Subcategory

    Reference

    Methodology

    IPPU

    Industrial processes and product use

    1.1 Aggregate energy balance 2017; DUKES_1.1-1.3 (2017)

    >Dukes 1.2 2009 Units have been added in column A. Industrial fuel consumption has been tagged in column B against industry type: Iron and steel, Non-ferrous metals, Mineral products, Chemicals

      

    Devolved Administration GHG Inventory 1990-2016; BEIS (Amanda Penistone, Roger Littlewood, Sam Bradley); Scottish Government (Claire McFadden, Andrew Mortimer); Welsh Government (Sam Clemmens); Northern Ireland Government (Pamela McCorry, David Finlay) (2016)

    DA Pivot Tables with GHG emissions by source (1990-2016), filtered for "Industrial Process"

      

    Electricity: commodity balances (DUKES 5.1); DUKES_5.1 (2017)

    >Dukes 5.1 Units have been added in column A. Industrial electricity has been tagged in column B against industry type: Iron and steel, Non-ferrous metals, Mineral products, Chemicals

      

    RETAIL MARKET MONITORING Annual Transparency Report For calendar year 2017; Northern Ireland Utility Regulator (2017)

    Northern Ireland gas and electricity consumption data has been apportioned to local authorities based on total industrial and domestic fuel consumption in other fuel types as published by BEIS

      

    Total final energy consumption at regional and local authority level; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Sub-national total final energy consumption data (2016)

    Mapped against full Local Authority list to apply final LA code; combined areas (e.g. England, Outer London) removed from dataset.

     

    The England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland datasets were filtered for Industrial Processes, and the list of processes covered was mapped to the industry types in the DUKES energy consumption data.

    Agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU)

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    The AFOLU sector produces greenhouse gas emissions through methane created by livestock, nutrient management for agricultural purposes, and land use change altering soil compositions.

    • Livestock
    • Land use
    • Other AFOLU

    Category

    Subcategory

    Reference

    Methodology

    AFOLU

    Livestock

    Agricultural small area statistics: 2002 to 2017; Welsh Government (2017)

    0

      

    Cattle populations in Northern Ireland from 1981 to 2018; Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (2017)

    0

      

    ENGLAND COW NUMBERS BY COUNTY; Agriculture & Horticulture Development Board (2016)

    0

      

    ERSA C10 (ii) Number of livestock by regional grouping and region June 2001 and 2016; Scottish Government (2016)

    Sub-regions have been mapped to individual local autorities, and sub-regional averages have been apportioned to each local authority depending on the amount of local authorities in each sub-region. Dairy/non-dairy cattle proportions have been allocated based on Number of cattle, 2007 to 2017 from the Scottish Agricultural Census.

      

    Farm Census - LGD2014, 2013-2016; OpenData.NI Farm Census (2016)

    Proportion of dairy and non-dairy cattle has been allocated based on a dataset, Cattle populations in Northern Ireland from 1981 to 2018, published by the Northern Ireland Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs

      

    Structure of the agricultural industry in England and the UK at June, English geographical breakdowns, local authority.; Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (2016)

    Data has been allocated from sub-regions to Local Authorities based on number of authorities in that sub-region. Dairy/non-dairy cattle numbers per local authority have been applied according to a dataset "England Cow Numbers by County" published by the Agriculture & Horticulture Development Board.

      

    Table 3. Number of cattle, 2007 to 2017: Data obtained from Cattle Tracing Scheme; Scottish Agricultural Census: June 2017 (2017)

    0

     

    Land use

    2005 to 2016 UK local and regional CO2 emissions – data tables; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, 2005 to 2016 UK local and regional CO2 emissions – data tables (2016)

    LA mapping checked and codes updated

    Energy Generation

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    This sector includes the following sub-sectors:

    • Electricity-only generation
    • CHP generation
    • Heat/cold generation
    • Local renewable generation

    Power stations in the UK have been allocated to Local Authorities, and the plant installed capacity (MW) from DUKES 5.11 has been converted to kWh and multiplied by respective load factors for different fuel types from DUKES 6.5 or DUKES 5.10 to derive electricity-only generation. The same methodology was also adopted for local renewable generation, however, load factors for different renewable technologies were derived from DUKES 6.5.  

    Large scale CHP schemes from DUKES 7.10 have been allocated to Local Authorities, whereby an average fuel consumption value based on scheme installed capacity from DUKES 7.2 was applied.  

    Category

    Subcategory

    Reference

    Methodology

    Energy Generation

    Electricity-only generation

    Power stations in the United Kingdom, May 2018 (DUKES 5.11); Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy. Digest of UK Energy Statistics (DUKES 5.10): electricity, DUKES chapter 5: statistics on electricity from generation through to sales. (2018)

    External links, footnotes, table headings and blank rows removed, and unit column added. The local authority codes from the ONS list have been matched to station names. The plant installed capacity (MW) has been converted to kWh and multiplied by respective load factors for different fuel types from DUKES 5.10.

     

    CHP generation

    Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Digest of UK Energy Statistics (DUKES 7.10): combined heat and power.

    Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Digest of UK Energy Statistics (DUKES 7.2): combined heat and power.

    Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Digest of UK Energy Statistics (DUKES 1.1.1): energy.

    Large scale CHP schemes in the United Kingdom, from DUKES 7.10, have been manually assigned to a Local Authority, and the fuel consumption for heat and electricity is given an average value according to its installed capacity, based on DUKES 7.2, Fuel used to generate electricity and heat in CHP installations.

     

     

     

    Local renewable generation

    Power stations in the United Kingdom, May 2018 (DUKES 5.11); Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy.

    Digest of UK Energy Statistics (DUKES): renewable source of energy, Load factors for renewable electricity generation (DUKES 6.5).

    External links, footnotes, table headings and blank rows removed, and unit column added. The local authority codes from the ONS list have been matched to station names. The plant installed capacity (MW) has been converted to kWh and multiplied by respective load factors for different fuel types from DUKES 6.5.

     

    Other datasets and references

    Category

    Subcategory

    Reference

    Methodology

    Other

    0

    2014-based local authority population projections for Wales, 2014 to 2039; Welsh Government Local authority population projections (2014)

    Original population file has been pasted, and existing LA codes have been mapped against the 2018 LA list to ensure they are correct. The data has been filtered for 'all ages' in the AGE GROUP column and local authority codes have been updated where necessary. Welsh data has been extrapolated to 2041, as 2014-based population projections are currently only available for Wales.

      

    2016-based Population Projections for Areas within Northern Ireland, 11 LGDs - population totals (2016-2041); Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, 2016-based Population Projections for Areas within Northern Ireland (2016)

    Original population file has been pasted, and existing LA codes have been mapped against the 2018 LA list to ensure they are correct. The data has been filtered for 'all ages' in the AGE GROUP column and local authority codes have been updated where necessary.

      

    Population Projections for Scottish Areas (2016-based); National Records of Scotland, Population Projections for Scottish Areas (2016-based) (2016)

    Original population file has been pasted, and existing LA codes have been mapped against the 2018 LA list to ensure they are correct. The data has been filtered for 'all ages' in the AGE GROUP column and local authority codes have been updated where necessary.

      

    Population projections for local authorities: Table 2, 2016 based; Office for National Statistics, Population projections for local authorities (2016)

    Original population file has been pasted, and existing LA codes have been mapped against the 2018 LA list to ensure they are correct. The data has been filtered for 'all ages' in the AGE GROUP column and local authority codes have been updated where necessary. The units have been changed from thousand-persons to persons.

      

    Table 3.02: Domestic energy consumption by end use and fuel 1990 to 2017; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2018 Data Tables (2017)

    External links removed, columns added for units, type, and year. Type tag as "domestic".

      

    Table 4.04 Industrial final energy consumption by end use (different processes); Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2018 Data Tables (2017)

    External links removed, columns added for units, type, and year. Type tag as "industrial".

      

    ECUK_Tables_2018_corrections (4); Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2018 Data Tables (2017)

    ECUK data table - units added, year added, external references removed, type added

      

    Table 5.05a: Final energy consumption in the service sector, by sector and sub-sector, end use and energy source 2017; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2018 Data Tables (2017)

    External links removed, columns added for units and sub-sector tag as "institutional" or "commercial". "Institutional" service areas: Law courts; Police stations; Prisons; Health Centres; Hospitals; Nursing Homes; Military civilian accommodation; Military offices; Military storage.

     

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